Deep Neural Networks for Wi-Fi based Localization

Wei Zhang, Kan Liu, Weidong Zhang, Youmei Zhang and Jason Gu


In this paper, we propose a Wi-Fi positioning method based on Deep Learning. To deal with the variant and unpredictable wireless signals, the positioning is casted in a four-layer Deep Neural Network (DNN) structure pretrained by Stacked Denoising Autoencoder (SDA) that is capable of learning reliable features from a large set of noisy samples and avoids hand-engineering. Also, to maintain the temporal coherence, a Hidden Markov Model (HMM)-based fine localizer is introduced to smooth the initial positioning estimate obtained by the DNN-based coarse localizer. The data required for the experiments is collected from the real world in different periods to meet the actual environment. Experimental results indicate that the proposed system leads to substantial improvement on localization accuracy in coping with the turbulent wireless signals.


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